Emerging onto the marketplace after the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, carbon offset schemes work by calculating an individual, or business’s, total output of carbon dioxide, and then allocating funds to projects around the world that roughly “offset” the estimated carbon footprint.
These organisations invest in a range of eco-friendly projects from reforestation and waste energy plants, to energy efficient stoves, typically operated in developing nations.
), told the Carbon Brief website: “We can essentially trace back all the environmental impacts that are embodied in, say, the consumption of cheese by an average Austrian – what kind of inputs were needed to produce the cheese and where they come from, e.g.
milk, labour, energy, transport.” She explained that by calculating emissions on a regional level, local councils could monitor the effect of policies, such as flexible working hours and new bike lines, that can reduce congestion at peak commuting times.
People in the South-west of England have one of the biggest ‘carbon footprints’ in Europe, according to new research.
The study found that large urban centres – such as the London conurbation, northern Italy, Paris and the surrounding area, and Baden-Wurttemberg in Germany – produced vast amounts of greenhouse gas emissions.
There are a variety of “carbon calculators” online, such as those run by the WWF, Carbon and the Nature Conservancy, and each will probably provide a slightly different readout.
“Transport contributes to about 30 per cent of EU household emissions, with importance across regions varying between 13 to 44 per cent with the majority of impacts coming from burning of transport fuel.” Food was also responsible for considerable amounts of carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases.- Without carbon dioxide plants cannot photosynthesize.Through reading various books and web pages it was made clear that carbon dioxide is definitely one of the raw materials needed for photosynthesis, but I wanted to see whether this is actually true and if carbon dioxide is taken away completely will the plant photosynthesize at all.Nearly one third of anthropogenic carbon dioxide is being absorbed by the oceans today(Science Daily, May 24, 2008) .Uptake of carbon dioxide by the oceans is not a harmful phenomenon , but excess of it leads to a reduction in p H thereby altering the fundamental seawater chemistry, commonly known as ocean acidification ....